The documents included private letters to the pope from an archbishop who was transferred to Washington after he blew the whistle on what he said was nepotism and cronyism in the awarding of contracts, and documents alleging internal conflicts about the Vatican bank.
The Vatican said the commission would be made up of three retired cardinals: Spaniard Julian Herranz, Jozef Tomko of Slovakia and Salvatore De Giorgi of Italy.
A statement said they would “undertake an authoritative investigation and throw light” on how the leaks happened.
The scandal, which has come to be known as “Vatileaks”, involved the leaking of a series of documents to Italian media in January and February.
A television investigation in January broadcast private letters to Secretary of State Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone and the pope from Archbishop Carlo Maria Vigano, the former deputy governor of Vatican City and now the Holy See’s ambassador in Washington.
Vigano was deputy governor of Vatican City from 2009 to 2011, and was head of a department responsible for maintaining the tiny city-state’s gardens, buildings, streets, museums and other infrastructure, managed separately from the Italian capital Rome which surrounds it.
The letters showed that Vigano was transferred to the United States after he exposed what he said was a web of corruption linked to the awarding of Vatican contracts to Italian contractors at inflated prices.
He complained in one letter of a smear campaign against him by Vatican officials who were upset that he had taken drastic steps to clean up the purchasing procedures. He begged to stay in the job to finish what he had started. [More]